Machines cannot work without proper lubrication. You must know how to lubricate them to maximize their performance, life, and efficiency. Almost 50% of bearing failures occur because of wrong lubrication practices.
Bearing failure can reduce efficiency, increase downtime, and drive up operational costs. Industrial machines rely on on-time lubrication and being lubricated in the correct manner. Any mistake can cause machine downtime and costly damages.
Correct lubricating practices not only help machines function properly but also expand their lifetime. To ensure that your machines work for a long time, avoid the following lubrication mistakes.
Too much of anything is not good. While many people think that lubricating tools more often can help in their better running, this is not a good idea. Over lubrication can lead to machine jams and require additional maintenance. It can also lead to hours of downtime and seal failures.
Lack Of Compatibility Knowledge
Machines are suitable for specific types of lubricants only. You cannot use every other oil on a certain machine. For any machine, you must know that the proposed lubricant is compatible with the current lubricants and additives.
Therefore, to maximize your machines’ performance and efficiency, you must add corresponding additives and lubricants to them. Improper lubrication can lead to frictional forces that can cause machine heat and bearing failure.
Sometimes, the type of lubricants written on the machine’s manual are not suitable because of your environmental conditions. Various factors can impact your lubricant, such as temperature, dust, gas, and water. Therefore it is vital that you select the right lubricant based on these factors; otherwise, your machine will corrode much faster.
The wrong viscosity of lubrication can also affect the machine’s performance. For example, motors and other bearings rotate at many revolutions per minute. For this, they must have lubrication with a low viscosity rate to allow smooth revolution. Lubrication with high viscosity can make it hard for these parts to function due to friction. This results in overheating, more power loss, and over-working.
The viscosity depends on the bearings condition, operating temperature, load, and rotation speed. Usually, grease with a base oil of low viscosity is suitable for applications at low temperatures. Similarly, grease with a base oil of high viscosity is suitable for high temperatures and demanding applications.
Not Handling Lubrication Oils Properly
Improper handling of lubricating oils can lead to their deterioration and early corrosion. If you do ont handle your lubricants properly, they will become contaminated. Such lubrications can also damage your machines.
Try to keep your lubricant drums in a horizontal position so that water cannot collect on the drums. The drums should be a few inches above the ground so that moisture doesn’t damage the drums. Also, use breathers to limit the tiny particles from entering the lubricants.
Like over lubrication, under lubrication is also harmful. Under lubrication can lead to noisy machine systems. However, it can go unnoticed in noisy facilities. Under lubricating can make it hard for your machines to function properly. An improperly lubricated machine has more friction and thus cannot function well.
Not Changing The Lubricant On Time
This one is another big cause of machine damages. Lubricants lose their lubricity and effectiveness after some time. If you don't change the lubricant on time, it can lead to machine downtime and overheating.
Changing your lubricants on time is crucial, you can check your lubricant by taking the sediment from the bottom and rubbing it between your fingers. If there are many tiny particles and colloids on them, it is time to change your lubricant because that lubricant has been oxidized.
Micro-Lube has a wide range of industrial lubricants to suit your multi-purpose application needs. We have a team of experts who can help guide you and inform you about the right lubricant for your machinery and their effective application methods.