No matter what gearbox type you are using at your facility, you’ll need to maintain lubrication in appropriate amounts for its proper functioning at all times. The use of incorrect or low-quality lubricant and lack of adequate lubrication are two of the primary problems of gearbox failure.
Applying the best lubrication methods reduces friction between gearbox elements for optimum performance, enhances mechanical reliability and efficiency, improves equipment’s useful lifespan, and decreases maintenance needs. We will now discuss some significant issues associated with gearbox lubrication and how you can avoid them.
Absence Of Lubrication
Equipment lubrication experts emphasize keeping gearboxes lubricated to a required level. Most gearbox malfunctions arise due to the absence of oiling. The majority of gearbox manufacturers ship their products, such as gearboxes and geared motors dry, mainly due to less shipping costs without additional lubricant.
Some manufacturing units prioritize particular lubrication suppliers. While most lubricants can be interchangeable, they cannot be mixed. That’s why shipping a gearbox dry helps its users to ensure maximum commonality in their operations. This allows the end-users to set their lubrication standards and apply them to the newly acquired gearboxes.
An amateur installer may ignore or forget to read the tags, labels, and manual installation warnings that indicate no lubrication within the gearbox and start up a drivetrain with a gearbox empty of lubrication. Running a unit dry will cause rapid damage to the gear.
Even if they add lubrication after the first use, the damage will be permanent, and you will have to replace or repair your gearbox. There's practically no way to heal a damaged gear. Therefore, it’s vital that after you receive your new geared unit, you lubricate it before using it to avoid permanent equipment damage.
Inadequate lubrication can also result in gearbox failure or damage. Experienced machine lubrication specialists suggest adding extra lubrication to a gearbox mounted in the worm-under orientation. Facility managers need to ensure the implementation of specific lubrication standards, which are tried and tested by the original equipment manufacturers OEMs. Providing these specifications helps manufacturing units enhance their tools’ usefulness for a more extended period of time.
It should be noted that some certain lubrication specifications are also known to alter a gear’s functionality. For instance, when it comes to worm gearboxes, usually made of steel with bronze gears, adding lubricants containing sulfur or chlorine additives can corrode the bronze gears. This can ultimately lead to shortening the useful lifespan of your equipment.
To avoid this, always refer to your gearbox manufacturer’s manuals to select the most appropriate lubricant for your machine.
Select Gear Oil Based On Operating Conditions
Often, the recommendations provided by the original manufacturer do not take your specific facility’s particular operating conditions into consideration. That’s why it’s always advised to take your operating conditions in which you’re going to operate your machine into consideration before choosing a lubricant.
Considering factors like chemical vapors, heat, dust, or moisture impacting your gearbox can go a long way in selecting the best industrial lubricant for your machinery. You must also consider your machine’s location, housekeeping, and machinery overloading concerns.
Micro-Lube is an expert industrial lubricant and oil filtration system supplier based in Edmonton, Alberta. Visit our website to learn about our high-quality lubricants or contact us for personalized service.